Posts Tagged "401 K"

Avoid high RMD penalties

Posted on Jan 8, 2018

Required minimum distribution (RMD) rules are pretty strict. If you don’t want to face a hefty fine, you must withdraw a certain amount of money every year from tax-deferred retirement plans like 401(k)s  and traditional IRAs after you reach age 70½.  The withdrawals you make are then taxed as ordinary income. Not following these rules can lead to a penalty equal to 50% of the amount that should have been withdrawn, plus regular tax. Gilliland & Associates, PC is a full-service CPA firm specializing in tax planning for individuals and businesses in the Northern Virginia area. We are based in Falls Church, VA and also service clients in McLean and Tysons Corner, VA. Gilliland & Associates is known for our superior knowledge and aggressive interpretation and application of tax laws. We help you keep more of your earnings by finding you the lowest possible tax on your business or personal tax return. You can connect with us on Google+, LinkedIn, Facebook, and...

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New year, new job-5 tax tips for job changers

Posted on Dec 6, 2017

There are a lot of new things to get used to when you change jobs, from new responsibilities to adjusting to a new company culture. You may not have considered the tax issues created when you change jobs. Here are tips to reduce any potential tax problems related to making a job change this coming year. Don’t forget about in-between pay. It is easy to forget to account for pay received while you’re between jobs. This includes severance and accrued vacation or sick pay from your former employer. It also includes unemployment benefits. All are taxable but may not have had taxes withheld, causing a surprise at tax time. Adjust your withholdings. A new job requires you to fill out a new Form W-4, which directs your employer how much to withhold from each paycheck. It may not be best to go with the default withholding schedule, which assumes you have been making the salary of your new job all year. You may need to make special adjustments to avoid having too much or too little taken from your paycheck. This is especially true if there is a significant salary change or you have a period of low-or-no income. Luckily, you can use the withholding calculator the IRS provides on its website. Keep in mind you’ll have to fill out a new W-4 in the next year to rebalance your withholding for a full year of your new salary. Roll over your 401(k). While you can leave your 401(k) in your old employer’s plan, you may wish roll it over into your new employer’s 401(k) or into an IRA. The best way is to get your retirement funds transferred directly between investment companies. If you take a direct check, you’ll have to deposit it into the new account within 60 days, or you may be assessed a 10 percent penalty and pay income tax on the withdrawal. Deduct job-hunting expenses. Tally up your job-seeking expenses. If they and other miscellaneous deductible expenses total more than 2 percent of your adjusted gross income for the year, you can deduct them on an itemized return. This includes things like costs for job-search tools, placement agencies and recruiters, and printing, mailing and travel costs. A couple caveats: you can only use these deductions if your expenses were to search for a job in the same industry as your previous job, and you were not reimbursed for them by your new employer. Deduct moving and home sale expenses. If you moved to take a new job that is at least 50 miles farther from your previous home than your old job was, you can also deduct your moving expenses. There’s another benefit for movers, too. Typically, you can only use the $250,000 capital-gain exclusion for home sales if you lived in your primary residence for two of the last five years before you sold it. But there is an exception to the rule if you sold your home to take a new job. Finding a new job can be an exciting experience, and one that can create tax consequences if not handled correctly. Feel free to call for a discussion of your situation. Gilliland & Associates, PC is a full-service CPA firm specializing in tax planning for individuals and businesses in the Northern Virginia area. We are based in Falls Church, VA and also service clients in McLean and Tysons Corner, VA. Gilliland & Associates is known for our superior knowledge and aggressive interpretation and application of tax laws. We help you keep more of your earnings by finding you the lowest possible tax on your business or personal tax return. You can connect with us on Google+, LinkedIn, Facebook, and...

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Time is running out for 2013 tax cutting

Posted on Jan 7, 2014

There’s not much time left for you to make beneficial tax moves for 2013. Consider these possibilities. * Maximize retirement plan contributions. For 2013, you can put $17,500 in a 401(k) plan, $12,000 in a SIMPLE, or $5,500 in an IRA. If you’re 50 or older, you can set aside even more as “catch-up” contributions. * Decide whether to sell investments to offset gains or losses already taken this year. You can deduct $3,000 of net losses against ordinary income. * Estimate your tax liability for 2013, taking the new Medicare tax increases for higher-income taxpayers into account. If you’ll be underpaid, adjust your final quarterly tax payment or your December withholding. * December 31 is the deadline for taking a 2013 required minimum distribution from your traditional IRA if you’re 70½ or older. Miss this requirement and a 50% penalty could apply. * Purchase needed business equipment to use the first-year $500,000 expensing option for new and used equipment and 50% bonus depreciation for new equipment. * Make energy-saving home improvements that could qualify for a lifetime tax credit of up to $500. * Finalize annual gifts to use the 2013 exclusion from gift tax on gifts of up to $14,000 per recipient. Contact our office for details on these and other year-end tax moves. Gilliland & Associates, PC is a full-service CPA firm specializing in tax planning for individuals and businesses in the Northern Virginia area. We are based in Falls Church, VA and also service clients in the McLean and Tysons Corner, VA. Gilliland & Associates specializes known for our superior knowledge and aggressive interpretation and application of tax laws, we help you keep more of your earnings by finding you the lowest possible tax on your business or personal tax return. You can connect with us on Google+ <https://plus.google.com/108764776146415485651/posts> , LinkedIn <http://www.linkedin.com/in/gillilandcpa> , Facebook <https://www.facebook.com/gillilandcpa> , and Twitter...

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Check out your IRA options

Posted on Apr 2, 2013

It’s not too late to make contributions to an IRA for 2012. You can establish and contribute to a 2012 IRA as late as April 15, 2013. If the IRA is the traditional, tax-deductible kind, you can deduct your contributions on your 2012 tax return. If you’re under age 50, the maximum contribution is $5,000; if you were 50 or older by December 31, 2012, you can contribute up to $6,000. The “charitable IRA rollover” rule was extended through 2013, permitting taxpayers who are 70½ or older to use their IRA to donate up to $100,000 to charity. The donation must be made directly from the IRA to the charity, and it counts as part of the taxpayer’s required minimum distribution for the year. If you turned 70½ in 2013, remember that you’re now required to take a minimum distribution from your IRA (and, unless you’re still working, from other retirement plans also) every year. If you delayed taking your first distribution last year, you have only until April 1, 2013, to take it or you’ll be subject to a 50% penalty on the amount you should have taken. Converting a traditional IRA to a Roth IRA is still an available option for all taxpayers. Although a conversion will generate taxable income in the year you do it, later qualifying withdrawals from the Roth will be tax-free. Your conversion opportunities are not limited to just traditional IRAs. You can also convert your 401(k), 403(b), or 457 plan to a Roth. For details or assistance on IRA matters, contact our...

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Have you considered a SIMPLE plan for your business?

Posted on Sep 28, 2012

Many sole proprietors and small business owners agree on the following two issues: they pay too much in taxes and they have difficulty attracting and retaining good employees. One way to address both of these issues is to have your business sponsor a retirement savings plan. If you’re self-employed or own a small business and don’t currently have a retirement plan in place, consider setting up a SIMPLE plan. SIMPLEs (Savings Incentive Match Plans for Employees) are available in two forms – SIMPLE IRAs and SIMPLE 401(k)s. SIMPLE plans are generally available only to small businesses that don’t maintain any other retirement plan. If your business has more than 100 employees, you won’t be eligible for a SIMPLE. Most businesses will find the IRA version preferable to the 401(k) form of SIMPLE. Here’s how SIMPLE IRAs work. Eligible employees (including yourself) can elect to have a portion of their earnings withheld each pay period, limited to $11,500 in annual deferrals ($14,000 for those aged 50 or older). The employees then direct how the deferrals will be invested within their own SIMPLE IRAs. Amounts withheld for the SIMPLE IRA reduce the employee’s taxable income and grow tax-deferred. The costs to set up and administer a SIMPLE IRA are minimal. However, as the employer, you’re required to make contributions into your employees’ SIMPLE IRAs on their behalf. You have the option of contributing either 2% of the wages of every eligible employee or making matching contributions up to 3% of the wages of those employees who participate in the plan. Generally, the deadline for businesses to establish a SIMPLE plan for 2012 is October 1, 2012. To find out more about SIMPLE plans, give us a...

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